Lhe first agglomerations were Lyon, Grenoble and Paris, with varying restrictions. In Greater Paris, where the ZFE is for the moment theoretical for lack of sanctions, its hardening has been postponed to 2023, the metropolis in particular wanting to be recognized as a territory of experimentation for the implementation of a zero-rate loan. in order to reduce the remainder to be paid by the most modest households who will have to change vehicles.
Ban trucks first, then cars
Lyon is already banning Crit’Air 3, 4 and 5 heavy goods vehicles and utilities like Rouen, and intends to extend it to Crit’Air 5 cars next September. These have already been banned in the heart of the Reims agglomeration since last September, with controls now.
Strasbourg, which already had a “mini ZFE” applied to heavy goods vehicles in the hypercentre, banned Crit’Air 5 vehicles and non-classified vehicles throughout the territory of the agglomeration on 1er January, but this first year is considered as educational: there will be no verbalization, but controls aimed at explaining the measure with communication around aids to change.
Encourage alternative mobility
The Eurometropolis of Strasbourg has adopted a budget of 50 million euros in aid, which can be combined with national aid, to support individuals and professionals towards alternative mobility to the private car. The aid provided also differs from place to place. Montpellier, which is due to launch its ZFE on 1er July, focuses above all on the development and free public transport for residents. In Nice, the ZFE was officially born on January 31, for the moment only concerning polluting heavy goods vehicles, before a gradual extension to cars from next year. Toulouse will create its zone on 1er march in the heart of the agglomeration, also starting with the most polluting trucks, vans and vans. In Lille, the elected officials had voted in 2019 the principle of a ZFE covering 11 municipalities, but the concretization did not follow, the idea now being to widen the zone to include at least half of the population of the agglomeration.
All major cities soon concerned
Other cities have chosen to take their time, such as Limoges, which will begin with an inventory of the vehicle fleet. In Bordeaux, consultations will begin this year for implementation “in the course of 2023”. Marseille is in the midst of a debate, with an objective of gradual implementation between September 2022 and September 2024. In any case, if the low emission zones (ZFE, or ZFEm) are being set up today in dispersed order, they will be generalized by law on December 31, 2024 to all urban areas with more than 150,000 inhabitants in metropolitan France.